Scottsdale is known as the best golf destination in the world, and it's easy to see why when you consider the city's list of luxury resorts, 330 days of sunshine a year, and top-notch courses like TPC Scottsdale, Troon North and Grayhawk. Arizona is famous for its wine, with more than 100 different wineries. It makes sense, then, that the Scottsdale Wine Route is a fantastic way to pass the time today, especially if you imagine a wine connoisseur. The area that includes what became Scottsdale was first inhabited by the Hohokam people, from approximately 300 BC.
until 1450 A.D. This ancient civilization cultivated the area and developed a complex network of irrigation canals that was second to none in pre-Columbian North America. At their peak, the canals extended for 250 miles (400 km),. Many remain today, some have been renovated and put to use in the 20th century.
Under circumstances as yet unknown, the Hohokam left the area around 1450 or 1500, most likely due to prolonged drought. The following inhabitants, the Akimel O'odham (Pima) and the Tohono O'odham (Papago), are believed to be the direct descendants of the Hohokam. Scottsdale was originally a village in Pima known as Vaṣai s-Vaṣon, which means rotten hay. Even though it has become a modern city, some Pima remain there today.
Until the late 1960s, traditional housing was still occupied on the southeast corner of Indian Bend Road and Hayden Road. Pima living in Scottsdale today reside in modern homes, not traditional housing. Many people from Pima and Maricopa live in the Pima-Maricopa Indian community of Salt River, which borders Scottsdale to the south and east. Between 1908 and 1933, due to the construction of the Granite Reef and Roosevelt dams (in 1908 and 1911, respectively), the population of Scottsdale boomed, growing steadily during those years.
It became a small market town that served families participating in the agricultural industry. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has an area of 184.4 square miles (478 km), of which 0.4 square miles (1.0 km), or 0.24%, is water. The aviation industry has also grown in Scottsdale, with the construction of the Scottsdale Airport in North Scottsdale, in the 1960s.
Today, it is one of the busiest single-runway airports in the United States in terms of air operations. Although there is little or no commercial air service, almost all operations are corporate or general aviation. The immediate area surrounding Scottsdale Airport, known locally as Airpark, has rapidly developed as a regional center of commerce. By 2004, the Airpark had grown to become the second largest employment center in the Phoenix metropolitan area, with more than 50,000 people employed within a few miles of the airport itself, especially in the financial, retail, service, technology, design and manufacturing fields.
The city is home to corporate retail outlets, as well as independent boutiques. There are many shopping areas within the City of Scottsdale, ranging from small districts to large centers. Notable regional hubs include Kierland Commons and Scottsdale Quarter in North Scottsdale, and Scottsdale Fashion Square in downtown Scottsdale, a major destination for high-end retailers. These shopping malls (and others) in Scottsdale have dozens of brands unique to both Phoenix and the Southwest region.
The Scottsdale International Film Festival focuses on the use of cinema to promote the world's cultures, lifestyles, religions and ethnicities. Taliesin West, the home and winter school of architect Frank Lloyd Wright from 1937 to 1959, is now one of Arizona's most popular tourist attractions. The resort is located on the northeastern fringe of the city, at the base of the McDowell Mountains. Scottsdale is home to a variety of nightclubs, restaurants, hotels, lounges and bars, most notably in the Old Town district.
This is evident by the growing number of style-conscious hotels that have opened throughout downtown Scottsdale, which cater equally to the nightlife crowds. Notably the Morgan Hotel Group's Mondrian Hotel, FireSky Resort %26 Spa, the independent mid-century Valley Ho Hotel, and the W Hotel. There are several attractions within the city of Scottsdale. The newly built Great Wolf Lodge hotel and water park is located just off Highway 101.
Talking Stick Resort is an attraction and part of Scottsdale nightlife with its 98,000 square foot casino. In the same immediate vicinity are Butterfly Wonderland, the OdySea Aquarium, which houses more than 6,000 animals in 2,000,000 gallons of water, the iFly Zone and many shopping malls, including Fashion Square, just north of Old Town Scottsdale. Scottsdale Fashion Square presents Old Town Scottsdale, which is among the 30 largest malls in the country and offers exclusive shopping and luxury. Southeastern Scottsdale borders the Pima-Maricopa Indian community of Salt River.
For several years, the Scottsdale Pavilions, a major outdoor mall, marked the only commercial property operating on tribal land. In 1998, the tribe opened the first permanent casino in the Scottsdale area, Casino Arizona, at Loop 101 and McKellips Road. The success of Casino Arizona led to the construction of a second location, Casino Arizona in Indian Bend, in a temporary facility less than 8 miles (13 km) north. Scottsdale Grammar School, also called The Little Red Schoolhouse, built in 1909 George Ellis House, built in 1925 Louise Lincoln Kerr House, built in 1925 Frank Tilus House, built in 1875 The Valley Field Riding and Polo Club of Scottsdale, built in 1924 Roald Amundsen Pullman private railroad car Although none play specifically in the city of Scottsdale, all four major sports organizations in the North American major leagues have franchises and play within the Phoenix metropolitan area: Phoenix Suns of the NBA, Arizona Cardinals of the NFL, Arizona Diamondbacks of the MLB and Arizona Coyotes of the NHL, as well as a franchise of the WNBA, the Phoenix Mercurio.
Scottsdale is governed by a mayor and a city council, all of which are generally elected to represent the entire city. A city manager is responsible for the executive leadership of city staff, as well as implementing council policies, developing programs and budgets to respond to council goals, and ensure that citizens receive effective and efficient municipal services. The city manager also acts as the treasurer of the city. Scottsdale is part of Arizona's 6th congressional district.
State Route 101, known locally as Loop 101, provides convenient access to Phoenix metropolitan highways. Public bus service to Scottsdale and the greater Phoenix area is provided by Valley Metro. The largest is the Scottsdale Main Street Arts District, which is home to the largest and most diverse collection of styles and genres, the more contemporary Marshall Way Arts District, and the more touristy, Western-themed Old Town District with the Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art. The Scottsdale Jaycees Parada del Sol, an annual month-long event held in Scottsdale since 1954.In 1999, the school opened a second campus at Scottsdale Airpark, allowing it to serve the business community and north of Scottsdale.
Arizona Outdoor Fun offers all-terrain vehicle (ATV) and utility vehicle (UTV) tours of some of the best Scottsdale has to offer. Although Scottsdale saw an occasional movie star drive away from Los Angeles for a weekend, and was excited by the chill of some organized crime presence, the visitors didn't come because Scottsdale was great. Scottsdale Fashion Square presents the Old Town Scottsdale lifestyle with approximately 2 million square feet of luxury retail space. In one way or another, much of this public art is the work of a non-profit organization called Scottsdale Public Art, whose mission is to “promote a strong sense of place and an identity unique to Scottsdale.
Arizona Cowboy College is packed with all kinds of activities that focus on teaching you how to be a true Scottsdale cowboy. The Scottsdale Civic Center mall is located in downtown Scottsdale, and is a great way to spend some time in Arizona this weekend. Scottsdale Public Art sponsors, among many other projects, Canal Convergence, a 10-day interactive festival on and around the Arizona Canal, which runs through the city. The downtown trolley runs through downtown Scottsdale, and the neighborhood trolley runs from downtown Scottsdale to the neighborhoods of South Scottsdale, connecting to the city of Tempe's own free public circulator, Tempe Orbit on Roosevelt and Scottsdale Road.
Scottsdale also has a small but excellent contemporary art museum, the Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art (SMOCA). Scottsdale was the site of a German prisoner of war camp at the intersection of Scottsdale and Thomas Roads in what is now Papago Park. You might not expect such environmental concern from a significantly red city in a traditionally red state, but, once again, Scottsdale and Arizona are changing, becoming more purple than red. .